Sagalossos, an ancient city in Southwest Turkey is the home to major archeological discoveries, including the oldest Roman baths in Asia Minor known to date. An international team of researchers directed by Professor Marc Waelkens from the University of Leuven, revealed this past summer the façade of an important public building dating from the reign of the Emperor Augustus (25 BC-14 AD).
At the end of this season’s excavations, an ancient fountain, the Antonine Nymphaeum was inaugurated at the Upper Agora of the Sagalassos site. The reconstruction of the fountain was an ‘anastylosis’ project, whereby a structure is restored using the original architectural elements to the greatest degree possible. The monument was constructed around 160AD, using seven different kinds of stones. The restored fountain contains more than 85% of its original building blocks. Where needed for stability reasons, missing stones were replaced by blocks fashioned using antique technologies; the same way they would have been made 2,000 years ago.
Now, the Antonine Nymphaeum, is again fed by one of its original water canals. It collapsed when earthquakes destroyed Sagalassos in the 7th century AD.